Key Stage 1 

(5 - 7)


In Key Stage 1 (KS1) English curriculum, children typically build upon the foundational skills they developed in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)/Foundation Phase in Wales. The primary focus is on developing their reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. During this crucial stage of education, children aged 5 to 7 (Years 1 and 2) engage in various activities and lessons to enhance their understanding and use of the English language.

In KS1 English, children continue to develop their phonics skills, which play a vital role in learning to read and write. Phonics is the method of teaching children how to recognise and manipulate the sounds that make up words. It helps them understand the correspondence between letters and sounds and how they blend together to form words.

The teaching of phonics in KS1 English often follows a systematic approach. Children are introduced to a set of phonemes (individual sounds) and graphemes (written representations of those sounds), starting with the basic ones and progressing to more complex ones. They learn how to blend sounds together to read words and segment words into their individual sounds for writing.

Phonics lessons in KS1 English typically involve interactive activities such as:

Aside from phonics, children in KS1 English also focus on building vocabulary, developing reading comprehension skills, and improving their writing abilities. They explore a wide range of texts, including stories, non-fiction books, and poetry, to enhance their reading fluency and comprehension. They learn to interpret and infer meaning from the texts and engage in discussions about the content.

In writing, children begin to develop their sentence structure, punctuation, and grammar skills. They learn to write simple narratives, instructions, and descriptive pieces. They are encouraged to express their ideas, use appropriate vocabulary, and apply the basic rules of spelling and grammar.

Overall, KS1 English aims to provide children with a solid foundation in language skills, equipping them with the tools they need to communicate effectively, understand written texts, and express themselves confidently. The combination of phonics instruction, reading practice, and writing activities helps children progress in their language development and sets them up for future success in their education.

If you feel your child is falling behind or that they are needing more challlenge, then I can help with this.  I have an excellent understanding of how children need to build upon previous skills to allow them to master reading and writing.  Whether the session be face to face or online, I use resources that will engage and interest your child, as well as questioning, prompting and refining their learning.


The KS1 Mathematics curriculum focuses on developing a solid understanding of numbers, calculations, shapes, measurements, and problem-solving skills. Through a combination of hands-on activities, practical tasks, and structured lessons, children develop their mathematical fluency and problem-solving abilities.

The key areas covered in KS1 Mathematics include:

Throughout KS1 Mathematics, children are encouraged to develop problem-solving skills and apply their mathematical knowledge in real-life situations. They engage in activities that require logical reasoning, critical thinking, and mathematical discussions. They learn to explain their thinking, use mathematical vocabulary, and justify their answers.

I can help your KS1 child with maths if you feel they are struggling and need more help or if you feel they are not meeting their potential through inadequate challenge.