Key Stage 2

(7 - 11)


In KS2 (Key Stage 2), children in English continue to build upon the foundational language skills they developed in KS1. KS2 typically covers the ages of 7 to 11, and during this stage, children's English learning becomes more advanced and comprehensive. The focus shifts from basic reading and writing to further developing their reading comprehension, writing abilities, speaking, and listening skills.

Reading plays a significant role in KS2 English. Children are exposed to a wide range of literature, including fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and plays. They learn to analyse and interpret texts, identifying themes, characters, and literary techniques. They explore different genres, discuss the author's intent, and develop critical thinking skills by making inferences and deductions from the text. Furthermore, they learn to use dictionaries, thesauruses, and other reference materials to enhance their vocabulary and understanding of language.

Writing skills are refined in KS2, with an emphasis on creativity, organisation, and accuracy. Children learn to plan, draft, revise, and edit their written work, taking into account the purpose, audience, and structure of their compositions. They explore various writing forms, such as narratives, descriptions, explanations, persuasive texts, and poetry. Grammar and punctuation rules become more advanced, and children learn to apply them correctly in their writing. They also develop spelling strategies and learn to use spelling rules and patterns effectively.

Speaking and listening skills are nurtured through group discussions, debates, presentations, and drama activities. Children learn to express their ideas confidently, listen actively to others, ask relevant questions, and engage in meaningful conversations. They develop their speaking skills by adopting appropriate language for different situations and audiences. Drama exercises help them understand characters, develop empathy, and explore the nuances of language through performance.

In KS2 English, children are encouraged to read widely and independently, both in school and at home. They are introduced to classic and contemporary literature, and they are expected to engage with texts critically, forming opinions and justifying them based on evidence from the text. Regular reading comprehension exercises help them develop higher-order thinking skills, such as inference, deduction, and evaluation.

Overall, KS2 English aims to equip children with a broad range of language skills, enabling them to express themselves effectively, comprehend complex texts, and become confident and articulate communicators. It sets the foundation for their continued language development as they progress through their educational journey.


Key Stage 2 is an important phase in a child's education, where they continue to build upon the mathematical concepts and skills they have acquired in Key Stage 1. During this stage, children aged 7 to 11 undergo a structured learning process, which equips them with the necessary mathematical knowledge and problem-solving abilities.

In Key Stage 2, children explore various mathematical topics across four key areas: number and place value, calculation, geometry, and measurement. These areas provide a comprehensive foundation for further mathematical development.

Number and place value form the basis of mathematical understanding in Key Stage 2. Children learn to work with numbers up to one million, understanding the value of each digit and its place within the number. They develop fluency in reading, writing, and comparing numbers, as well as rounding and estimation.

Calculation skills are further honed in Key Stage 2. Children build upon their addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division skills, applying them to larger numbers and more complex problems. They learn various mental and written strategies for calculations, including long multiplication and division, fractions, and decimals.

Geometry plays a significant role in Key Stage 2 mathematics. Children explore different types of angles, lines, and shapes, developing their understanding of symmetry and properties of 2D and 3D shapes. They learn to identify and classify shapes, as well as solve problems involving angles and measurements.

Measurement is another crucial aspect of Key Stage 2 maths. Children learn to measure and convert units of length, weight, capacity, and time. They explore concepts such as area, perimeter, and volume, applying their knowledge to solve real-life problems. They also develop skills in reading and interpreting data from graphs and charts.

In addition to these core areas, children in Key Stage 2 are encouraged to develop their problem-solving and reasoning abilities. They learn to apply mathematical concepts to practical situations, analyze and solve problems using logical thinking, and communicate their findings effectively.

Throughout Key Stage 2, children are encouraged to develop a positive attitude towards mathematics, fostering a sense of curiosity and resilience. They are taught to approach challenges with confidence, to persevere when faced with difficulties, and to appreciate the relevance of mathematics in everyday life.

In conclusion, Key Stage 2 provides children with a solid foundation in mathematics, enabling them to continue their mathematical journey with confidence. By the end of this stage, children are equipped with a range of mathematical skills and knowledge, which will support them in their academic and everyday lives.